Blog Archives

The global ranking: where is Bangladesh among the BIMSTEC countries?

BIMSTEC is an international organization involving a group of countries in South Asia and South East Asia. The full form of BIMSTEC is The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC). The member of the BIMSTEC includes Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Bhutan and Nepal. The main objective of BIMSTEC is technological and economic cooperation among south Asian and south East Asian countries along the coast of the Bay of Bengal. Commerce, investment, technology, tourism, human resource development, agriculture, fisheries, transport and communication, textiles, leather etc. have been included in it. BIMSTEC Headquarters is situated in Dhaka, Bangladesh and opened by Bangladeshi Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina (Bengali: শেখ হাসিনা) on 13th, September, 2014.

The following comparison will help the development practitioners to understand the position of Bangladesh among the member countries of BIMSTEC.
Gender Gap Report:
According to the Global Gender gap report 2015, Bangladesh ranks 64th out of 145 countries with a score of 0.704 (0.00 = inequality, 1.00=Equality)*1.

SL	Country Name	Raking of BIMSTEC Countries 	        Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	             64	                            0.704
2.	India	                    108	                            0.664
3.	Myanmar 	         Not Found	                  Not Found
4.	Sri Lanka	             84	                            0.686
5.	Thailand	             60	                            0.706
6.	Bhutan                      118	                            0.646
7.	Nepal	                    110	                            0.658

According to the Global Gender gap report 2016, Bangladesh ranks 72nd out of 144 countries with a score of 0.698 (0.00 = inequality, 1.00=Equality)*2

SL	Country Name	Raking of BIMSTEC Countries	        Points / Score 
1.	Bangladesh	             72	                            0.698
2.	India	                     87	                            0.683
3.	Myanmar	                 Not Found	                  Not Found
4.	Sri Lanka	            100	                            0.673
5.	Thailand	             71	                            0.699
6.	Bhutan                      121	                            0.642
7.	Nepal	                    110	                            0.661

Human Development Index (HDI):
As per the Human Development Index (HDI) prepared in 2015 by UNDP, Bangladesh ranks 142 out of 173 countries of the world with a value of 0.570.*3

SL	Country Name	Raking of BIMSTEC Countries             Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	            142	                            0.570
2.	India	                    130	                            0.609
3.	Myanmar	                    148	                            0.536
4.	Sri Lanka	             73	                            0.757
5.	Thailand	             93	                            0.726
6.	Nepal	                    145	                            0.548
7.	Bhutan                      132	                            0.605

Language ranking of South Asian language:
According to the top native speakers list in the 2007 edition of Nationalencyklopedin, the total number of native speakers of Bengali is 200 millions in 2007 and 205 millions in 2010. This constitutes the 3.05% of the world population (2007). The statistics also shows that Bengali (Bangla) is the 7th top languages spoken in the world. *4

SL	Language Name	Raking of BIMSTEC Countries            Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh (Bengali)	    7	                            None
2.	India (Hindi)	            4	                            None
3.	Myanmar (Burmese)	   38	                            None
4.	Sri Lanka (Sinhalese)	   62	                            None
5.	Thailand (Thai)	           25	                            None
6.	Bhutan (Dzongkha)       Not Found	                    None
7.	Nepal (Nepali)	           61	                            None

Climate Risk Index:
According to the Global Climate Risk Index 2016, Bangladesh ranks 6th most vulnerable country in the list of the most affected countries in the 20 year period (1995–2014) with the CRI score of 22.67. *5

SL	Country Name	Raking of BIMSTEC Countries	        Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	            6	                            22.67
2.	India	                   16	                            39.17
3.	Myanmar	                    2	                            14.17
4.	Sri Lanka	           53	                            62.67
5.	Thailand	            9	                            32.33
6.	Bhutan                    103	                            97.33
7.	Nepal	                   17	                            40.83

According to the Global Climate Risk Index for 2016, Bangladesh ranks 38th climate vulnerable country in the list of most affected countries in 2014 with the CRI score of 46.33. *6

SL	Country Name	Raking of BIMSTEC Countries             Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	           38	                            46.33
2.	India	                   10	                            16.17
3.	Myanmar	                   94	                            83.17
4.	Sri Lanka	           13	                            23.50 
5.	Thailand	           65	                            64.33
6.	Bhutan                    138	                           117.67
7.	Nepal	                    7	                            15.83

Population density of Bangladesh:
As per the data by World Bank, the Population density (people per sq. km of land area) of Bangladesh 1,237. *7

SL	Country Name	 Population Density	                Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	        1,237	                             None
2.	India	                  440	                             None
3.	Myanmar	                   82	                             None
4.	Sri Lanka	          334	                             None
5.	Thailand	          133	                             None 
6.	Bhutan                     20	                             None
7.	Nepal	                  198	                             None

CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX:
As per the Corruption Perceptions Index (2015), Bangladesh ranks 139 out of 168 countries of the world with a score of 25 CPI (out of 100). *8

SL	Country Name	 Raking of BIMSTEC Countries	       Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	           139	                              25
2.	India	                    76	                              38
3.	Myanmar	                   147	                              22
4.	Sri Lanka	            83	                              37
5.	Thailand	            76	                              38
6.	Bhutan                      27	                              65
7.	Nepal	                   130	                              27

World Risk Report:
As per the world risk report (2014), Bangladesh ranks 5th out of 171 countries of the world with a ranking of 19.37 % WRI. The WorldRiskIndex examines the risk of becoming the victim of a disaster resulting from an extreme natural event for every country worldwide. *9

SL	Country Name	 Raking of BIMSTEC Countries	         Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	             5	                            19.37 %
2.	India	                    73	                             7.04 %
3.	Myanmar	                    43	                             9.14 %
4.	Sri Lanka	            67	                             7.43 %
5.	Thailand	            89	                             6.38 %
6.	Bhutan                      58	                             7.83 %
7.	Nepal	                   108	                             5.29 %

Happy Planet index:
As per the Happy Planet index (2016), Bangladesh ranks 8th out of 140 countries of the world with a score of 38.4 HPI score.*10

SL	Country Name	Raking of BIMSTEC Countries	        Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	            8	                             38.4
2.	India	                   50	                             29.2
3.	Myanmar	                   81	                             24.7
4.	Sri Lanka	           28	                             33.8
5.	Thailand	            9	                             37.3
6.	Bhutan                     56	                             28.6
7.	Nepal	                   42	                             30.5

Website of BIMSTEC: http://www.bimstec.org/

Reference:
*1. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GGGR2015/cover.pdf
*2. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GGGR16/WEF_Global_Gender_Gap_Report_2016.pdf
*3. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2015_human_development_report.pdf
*4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_languages_by_number_of_native_speakers
*5. https://germanwatch.org/fr/download/13503.pdf
*6. https://germanwatch.org/fr/download/13503.pdf
*7. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EN.POP.DNST
*8. https://www.transparency.org/cpi2015/#results-table
*9. https://i.unu.edu/media/ehs.unu.edu/news/4070/11895.pdf
*10. http://happyplanetindex.org/countries/bangladesh

index-of-bangladesh

Facebook pageFrom the Heart of Bangladesh

Advertisements

The global ranking: where is Bangladesh among the SAARC countries?

SAARC is the name of regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of different countries in South Asia. The full form of SAARC is South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation. The member of the SAARC includes Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Maldives and Afghanistan. Afghanistan is a relatively new face in this organization. In one of the estimate, this is found that SAARC comprises 3% area of the entire world, 21% population of the world and 9.12% of the global economy in 2015.

SAARC was founded in Dhaka in 1985. Its secretariat is based in Kathmandu, Capital of Nepal which was established on 16th, January, 1987 and inaugurated by Late King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah of Nepal. The organization promotes development of economic, regional integration and regional cooperation. It launched the South Asian Free Trade Area in 2006.

SAARC maintains permanent diplomatic relations at the United Nations as an observer and has developed links with multilateral entities, including the European Union. Countries like Australia, China, the European Union, Iran, Japan, Mauritius, Myanmar, South Korea and the United States has ‘observer status’ in the SAARC. There are potential growing interests from different countries of the world to become a part of this organization. Myanmar has expressed interest in upgrading its status from an ‘observer’ to a ‘full member’ of SAARC. Russia has applied for ‘observer’ status membership of SAARC. Turkey applied for ‘observer status’ membership of SAARC in 2012.On the Other hand, South Africa has participated in meetings.

The following comparison will help the development practitioners to understand the position of Bangladesh among the member countries of SAARC.
Gender Gap Report:
According to the Global Gender gap report 2015, Bangladesh ranks 64th out of 145 countries with a score of 0.704 (0.00 = inequality, 1.00=Equality)*1.

SL	Country Name	Raking of South Asian Countries 	Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	             64	                            0.704
2.	India	                    108	                            0.664
3.	Pakistan	            144	                            0.559
4.	Sri Lanka	             84	                            0.686
5.	Nepal	                    110	                            0.658
6.	Bhutan                      118	                            0.646
7.	Maldives                    113	                            0.652
8.	Afghanistan              Not Found	                   Not Found

According to the Global Gender gap report 2016, Bangladesh ranks 72nd out of 144 countries with a score of 0.698 (0.00 = inequality, 1.00=Equality)*2

SL	Country Name	Raking of South Asian Countries	        Points / Score 
1.	Bangladesh	             72	                            0.698
2.	India	                     87	                            0.683
3.	Pakistan	            143	                            0.556
4.	Sri Lanka	            100	                            0.673
5.	Nepal	                    110	                            0.661
6.	Bhutan                      121	                            0.642
7.	Maldives                    115	                            0.650
8.	Afghanistan              Not Found	                  Not Found

Human Development Index (HDI):
As per the Human Development Index (HDI) prepared in 2015 by UNDP, Bangladesh ranks 142 out of 173 countries of the world with a value of 0.570.*3

SL	Country Name	Raking of South Asian Countries	        Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	            142	                            0.570
2.	India	                    130	                            0.609
3.	Pakistan	            147	                            0.538
4.	Sri Lanka	            73	                            0.757
5.	Nepal	                    145	                            0.548
6.	Bhutan                      132	                            0.605
7.	Maldives                    104	                            0.706
8.	Afghanistan                 171	                            0.465

Language ranking of South Asian language:
According to the top native speakers list in the 2007 edition of Nationalencyklopedin, the total number of native speakers of Bengali is 200 millions in 2007 and 205 millions in 2010. This constitutes the 3.05% of the world population (2007). The statistics also shows that Bengali (Bangla) is the 7th top languages spoken in the world. *4

SL	Language Name	Raking of South Asian Countries	        Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh (Bengali)	    7	                            None
2.	India (Hindi)	            4	                            None
3.	Pakistan (Urdu)	           21	                            None
4.	Sri Lanka (Sinhalese)	   62	                            None
5.	Nepal (Nepali)	           61	                            None
6.	Bhutan (Dzongkha)       Not Found	                    None
7.	Maldives (Dhivehi)      Not Found	                    None
8.	Afghanistan (Pashto)	   31	                            None

Climate Risk Index:
According to the Global Climate Risk Index 2016, Bangladesh ranks 6th most vulnerable country in the list of the most affected countries in the 20 year period (1995–2014) with the CRI score of 22.67. *5

SL	Country Name	Raking of South Asian Countries	        Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	            6	                            22.67
2.	India	                   16	                            39.17
3.	Pakistan	            8	                            31.17
4.	Sri Lanka	           53	                            62.67
5.	Nepal	                   17	                            40.83
6.	Bhutan                    103	                            97.33
7.	Maldives                  181	                           175.50
8.	Afghanistan                12	                            34.67

According to the Global Climate Risk Index for 2016, Bangladesh ranks 38th climate vulnerable country in the list of most affected countries in 2014 with the CRI score of 46.33. *6

SL	Country Name	Raking of South Asian Countries	        Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	           38	                            46.33
2.	India	                   10	                            16.17
3.	Pakistan	            5	                            12.67
4.	Sri Lanka	           13	                            23.50 
5.	Nepal	                    7	                            15.83
6.	Bhutan                    138	                           117.67
7.	Maldives                  138	                           117.67
8.	Afghanistan            Not Found	                 Not Found

Population density of Bangladesh:
As per the data by World Bank, the Population density (people per sq. km of land area) of Bangladesh 1,237. *7

SL	Country Name	 Population Density	                 Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	        1,237	                             None
2.	India	                  440	                             None
3.	Pakistan	          245	                             None
4.	Sri Lanka	          334	                             None
5.	Nepal	                  198	                             None
6.	Bhutan                     20	                             None
7.	Maldives                 1363	                             None
8.	Afghanistan                49	                             None

CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX:
As per the Corruption Perceptions Index (2015), Bangladesh ranks 139 out of 168 countries of the world with a score of 25 CPI (out of 100). *8

SL	Country Name	 Raking of South Asian Countries	  Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	           139	                              25
2.	India	                    76	                              38
3.	Pakistan	           117	                              30
4.	Sri Lanka	            83	                              37
5.	Nepal	                   130	                              27
6.	Bhutan                      27	                              65
7.	Maldives                Not Found	                  Not Found
8.	Afghanistan                166	                              11

World Risk Report:
As per the world risk report (2014), Bangladesh ranks 5th out of 171 countries of the world with a ranking of 19.37 % WRI. The WorldRiskIndex examines the risk of becoming the victim of a disaster resulting from an extreme natural event for every country worldwide. *9

SL	Country Name	 Raking of South Asian Countries	Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	             5	                            19.37 %
2.	India	                    73	                             7.04 %
3.	Pakistan	            72	                             7.07 %
4.	Sri Lanka	            67	                             7.43 %
5.	Nepal	                   108	                             5.29 %
6.	Bhutan                      58	                             7.83 %
7.	Maldives                Not Found	                    Not Found
8.	Afghanistan                 40	                             9.71 %

Happy Planet index:
As per the Happy Planet index (2016), Bangladesh ranks 8th out of 140 countries of the world with a score of 38.4 HPI score.*10

SL	Country Name	Raking of South Asian Countries	         Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	            8	                             38.4
2.	India	                   50	                             29.2
3.	Pakistan	           36	                             31.5
4.	Sri Lanka	           28	                             33.8
5.	Nepal	                   42	                             30.5
6.	Bhutan                     56	                             28.6
7.	Maldives               Not Found	                  Not Found
8.	Afghanistan               110	                             20.2

Website of SAARC: http://www.saarc-sec.org/

Reference:
*1. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GGGR2015/cover.pdf
*2. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GGGR16/WEF_Global_Gender_Gap_Report_2016.pdf
*3. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2015_human_development_report.pdf
*4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_languages_by_number_of_native_speakers
*5. https://germanwatch.org/fr/download/13503.pdf
*6. https://germanwatch.org/fr/download/13503.pdf
*7. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EN.POP.DNST
*8. https://www.transparency.org/cpi2015/#results-table
*9. https://i.unu.edu/media/ehs.unu.edu/news/4070/11895.pdf
*10. http://happyplanetindex.org/countries/bangladesh

index-of-bangladesh

Facebook pageFrom the Heart of Bangladesh

The global index of Bangladesh among the countries of the world in different sectors

Searching data is something very difficult for the persons working extensively with different dimensions. Even normal web searching may not give perfect result sometimes even though we have rich and authentic data available in Internet. For making more comfort to development practitioners of GO & NGO sectors, some data are presented here. Please note that we are not giving data here, instead we are indicating the sources of data for different categories here with little brief. Please browse the web link given below to find desired data of your need.

Gender Gap Report:
According to the Global Gender gap report 2015, Bangladesh ranks 64th out of 145 countries with a score of 0.704 (0.00 = inequality, 1.00=Equality)*1.

According to the Global Gender gap report 2016, Bangladesh ranks 72nd out of 144 countries with a score of 0.698 (0.00 = inequality, 1.00=Equality)*2

Human Development Index (HDI):
As per the Human Development Index (HDI) prepared in 2015 by UNDP, Bangladesh ranks 142 out of 173 countries of the world with a value of 0.570.*3

Kerosene use in Bangladesh:
The typical expenditure on kerosene is around 1 to 2% of the monthly incomes of Bangladeshi households. With 94% of this kerosene being consumed for lighting, the resulting expenditure on kerosene for lighting is approximately USD 0.36 billion.*4

Language ranking of Bengali (Bangla) language:
According to the top native speakers list in the 2007 edition of Nationalencyklopedin, the total number of native speakers of Bengali is 200 millions in 2007 and 205 millions in 2010. This constitutes the 3.05% of the world population (2007). The statistics also shows that Bengali (Bangla) is the 7th top languages spoken in the world. *5

Climate Risk Index:
According to the Global Climate Risk Index 2016, Bangladesh ranks 6th most vulnerable country in the list of the most affected countries in the 20 year period (1995–2014) with the CRI score of 22.67. *6

According to the Global Climate Risk Index for 2016, Bangladesh ranks 38th climate vulnerable country in the list of most affected countries in 2014 with the CRI score of 46.33. *7

Population density of Bangladesh:
As per the data by World Bank, the Population density (people per sq. km of land area) of Bangladesh 1,237. *8

CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX:
As per the Corruption Perceptions Index (2016), Bangladesh ranks 145 out of 176 countries of the world with a score of 26 CPI (out of 100). *9.1
As per the Corruption Perceptions Index (2015), Bangladesh ranks 139 out of 168 countries of the world with a score of 25 CPI (out of 100). *9.2

World Risk Report:
As per the world risk report (2014), Bangladesh ranks 5th out of 171 countries of the world with a ranking of 19.37 % WRI. The WorldRiskIndex examines the risk of becoming the victim of a disaster resulting from an extreme natural event for every country worldwide. *10

Happy Planet index:
As per the Happy Planet index (2016), Bangladesh ranks 8h out of 140 countries of the world with a score of 38.4 HPI score.*11

World press freedom index:
As per the World press freedom index (2016), Bangladesh ranks 144th out of 180 countries of the world with a score of 45.94.*12

Ease of Doing Business Index of Bangladesh (1=most business-friendly regulations):
As per the data by World Bank, Bangladesh ranks 174 out of 238 countries of the world in 2015. On the other hand, Bangladesh ranks 172 out of 238 countries of the world in 2014. *13

As per the Economy Rankings of world bank, Bangladesh ranks 176 in the ease of Doing Business Rank, 122 in the starting a Business rank, 138 in the Dealing with Construction Permits, 187 in the Getting Electricity rank, 185 in the Registering Property rank, 157 in the Getting Credit rank, 70 in the Protecting Minority Investors rank, 151 in teh Paying Taxes rank, 173 in the Trading across Borders, 189 in the Enforcing Contracts and 151 in the Resolving Insolvency rank out 190 countries of the world.*14

Global Slavery index:
As per the Global Slavery index, Bangladesh ranks 10th out of 167 countries which indicates 0.95% people of the country living in modern slavery.*15

Global Youth Development Index:
According to the Global Youth Development Index, 2016, Bangladesh ranks 147 in Global rank and Bangladesh ranks 38 in Commonwealth Rank.The total YDI overall score is 0.492.*16

Global Hunger Index:
As per the The global hunger index,2016, Bangladesh scores 27.1 while Bangladesh ranks 32.4 in 2008.*17

Electric power consumption (kWh per capita):
As per the World Bank data, The Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) of Bangladesh is 293 in 2013 and 276 in 2012.*18

Access to Justice for Children : Global Ranking:
As per the data of Access to Justice for Children : Global Ranking by Child Rights International Network (CRIN), Bangladesh ranked 63 out of 197 countries with the Country score of 154.5 (out of 261) with 59.2 % score.*19

Global Competitiveness Index:
As per the data of the Global Competitiveness Index 2016–2017 Rankings, Bangladesh ranked 106 with a score of 3.80 compare to the previous ranking of 107 with a score of 3.76 out of 138 countries.*20

Gross domestic product ranking:
As per the Gross domestic product (GDP) data of World Bank in 2015, Bangladesh ranked 46th out of 194 countries which is estimated to 195079 millions of dollars.*21

World Investment Report:
As per the World Investment Report 2014, Bangladesh experienced significant growth in FDI inflows: from $1.3 billion (1293 million) in 2012 to about $1.6 billion (1599 million) in 2013.*22

Cost of Living Rankings:
As per the Cost of Living Rankings bi imercer, 2016, Dhaka ranks 45th city out of 209 cities of the world.*23

Cost of Living Rankings:
As per the data of World Factbook by CIA,2014 for telephone and mobile cellular use, Bangladesh ranks 12th out of 217 countries of the world. The estimation says that the total number of mobile cellular telephone subscribers is 120,400,000.*24

As per the data of World Factbook by CIA,2015 for telephone and and mobile cellular use, the total number of mobile cellular telephone subscribers is 133.72 million which indicates the subscriptions per 100 inhabitants is 79.*25

ICT Development Index:
As per the data of ICT Development Index, 2015 by International Telecommunication Union (ITU), Bangladesh ranks 144th out of 167 countries of the world with 2.22 IDI value. In 2010, Bangladesh ranked 148th out of 167 countries of the world with 1.61 IDI value.*26

Fixed-broadband subscriptions:
As per the Fixed-broadband subscriptions data, Bangladesh has 43,710 in 2007, 50,000 in 2008,316,699 in 2009,414,569 in 2010, 468,500 in 2011, 600,461 in 2012, 1,525,325 in 2013, 3,093,171 in 2014 and 3,866,463 in 2015 which constitutes 0.03%, 0.03%, 0.21%, 0.27%, 0.31%, 0.39%, 0.97%, 1.95% and 2.41% of the population in the respective years.*27

Fixed-telephone subscriptions:
As per the Fixed-telephone subscriptions data, Bangladesh has 491,303 in 2000, 564,880 in 2001,605931 in 2002, 742,048 in 2003,830,950 in 2004, 1,070,000 in 2005, 1,134,000 in 2006, 1,186,919 in 2007, 1,344,456 in 2008, 1,234,895 in 2009, 1,280,782 in 2010, 977,700 in 2011, 961,589 in 2012, 1,082,348 in 2013, 974,181 in 2014, 830,800 in 2015 which constitutes 0.37%, 0.42%, 0.44%, 0.53%, 0.59%, 0.75%, 0.78%, 0.81%, 0.91%, 0.83%, 0.85%, 0.64%, 0.62%, 0.69%, 0.61%, 0.52%, of the population in the respective years.*28

Fixed-Percentage of Individuals using the Internet:
As per the Fixed-Percentage of Individuals using the Internet data, Bangladesh has 0.07% in 2000,0.13% in 2001,0.14% in 2002, 0.16% in 2003,0.20% in 2004, 0.24%in 2005, 1.00 in 2006, 1.80% in 2007, 2.50% in 2008, 3.10% in 2009, 3.70% in 2010, 4.50% in 2011, 5.00% in 2012, 6.63% in 2013, 13.90% in 2014, 14.40% in 2015.*29

Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions:
As per the Mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions data, Bangladesh has 279,000 in 2000, 520,000 in 2001, 1,075,000 in 2002, 1,365,000 in in 2003, 2,781,560 in 2004, 9,000,000 in 2005, 19,130,983 in 2006, 34,370,000 in 2007, 44,640,000 in 2008, 51,359,315 in 2009, 67,923,887 in 2010, 84,368,700 in 2011, 97,180,000 in 2012, 116,553,076 in 2013, 126,866,091 in 2014 and 133,720,410 in 2015 which constitutes 0.21%, 0.39%, 0.78%, 0.98%, 1.97%, 6.29%, 13.21%, 23.47%, 30.17%, 34.35%, 44.95%, 55.19%, 62.82%, 74.43%, 80.04% and 83.36% of the population in the respective years.*30

Percentage of individuals using the Internet, by gender:
As per the Percentage of individuals using the Internet, by gender, latest year available,2013, the Male ratio is 8.2% while the female ratio is 5.1%.*31

Global Food Security Index:
As per the Global Food Security Index,2016, Bangladesh ranks 95 (Affordability-97, Availability-=90, Quality and Safety-104) out of 113 countries of the world with a score of 36.8 (Affordability-28.9. Availability-46.5, Quality and Safety-29.7).

As per the Global Food Security Index,2015, Bangladesh ranks 97 (Affordability-98, Availability-=91, Quality and Safety-105) out of 113 countries of the world with a score of 36.0 (Affordability-29.2. Availability-44.5, Quality and Safety-29.6).

As per the Global Food Security Index,2014, Bangladesh ranks 95 (Affordability-98, Availability-=90, Quality and Safety-103) out of 113 countries of the world with a score of 35.4 (Affordability-29.1, Availability-43.4, Quality and Safety-29.3).

As per the Global Food Security Index,2013, Bangladesh ranks 94 (Affordability-96, Availability-90, Quality and Safety–105) out of 113 countries of the world with a score of 35.0 (Affordability-29.0, Availability-42.7, Quality and Safety-29.4).

As per the Global Food Security Index,2012, Bangladesh ranks 96 (Affordability-95, Availability-93, Quality and Safety-105) out of 113 countries of the world with a score of 34.7 (Affordability-29.5, Availability-41.8, Quality and Safety-28.2).*32

Foreign direct investment, net inflows (BoP, current US$):
As per the data of world bank, Bangladesh received US$ 90000 in 1972, US$ 2340000 in 1973, US$ 2200000 in 1974, US$ 1543333.333 in 1975, US$ 5420000 in 1976, US$ 6980000 in 1977, US$ 7700000 in 1978,US$ -8010000 in 1979, US$ 8510000 in 1980, US$ 5360000 in 1981, US$ 6960000 in 1982, 403978.5575 in 1983, US$ -553269.3983 in 1984, US$ -6660000 in 1985, US$ 2436499.344 in 1986, US$ 3205086.762 in 1987, US$ 1838242.499 in 1988, US$ 247908.2739 in 1989, US$ 3238781.189 in 1990, US$ 1390444.322 in 1991, US$ 3721853.382 in 1992, US$ 14049886.52 in 1993, US$ 11147788.33 in 1994, US$ 1896372.127 in 1995, US$ 13529831.54 in 1996, US$ 139376153.1 in 1997, US$ 190059373 in 1998, US$ 179662970.3 in 1999, US$ 280384629.7 in 2000, US$ 78527040.08 in 2001, US$ 52304931.04 in 2002, US$ 268285231.8 in 2003, US$ 448905400.7 in 2004, US$ 760504265.8 in 2005, US$ 456523167.7 in 2006, US$ 651029738.1 in 2007, US$ 1328422987 in 2008, US$ 901286583.1 in 2009, US$ 1232258247 in 2010, US$ 1264725163 in 2011, US$ 1584403460 in 2012, US$ 2602962095 in 2013, US$ 2539190940 in 2014, US$ 3380251355 in 2015 Foreign direct investment, net inflows (BoP, current US$).*33

Global E-Government ranking:
As per the Global E-Government ranking, 2007, Bangladesh ranks 156 with Rating Pts 24.7 (out of 100). In 2006, Bangladesh ranked 86 with Rating Pts. 28.0 (Out of 100).*34

Suicide rate:
As per the data in 2012, the crude suicide rates (per 100 000 population) is 6.6. The rate of age-standardized suicide rates (Per 100 000) for both sexes is 7.8 of which 8.7 is for female and 6.8 is for male.*35

STATE OF THE WORLD’S MOTHERS:
As per the data of Save the Children, the ranking of Bangladesh in the state of the world’s mother in 2015 is 130 out of 179 countries of the world.*36

The Economist Intelligence Unit’s index of democracy:
As per The Economist Intelligence Unit’s index of democracy in 2006, Bangladesh ranks 75 out of 167 countries.*37

The Military Balance:
As per the report of Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS), 2011, please find the report.*38

KOF Index of Globalization*:
As per the KOF Index of Globalization,2016, Bangladesh ranks 148 out of 207 countries of the world.*39

Global Cities Index Results:
As per the Global Cities Index Results, 2016, Dhaka ranks 81 out of .. cities of the world. Dhaka ranked 87 in 2015,87 in 2014,73 in 2012, 64 in 2010, 56 in 2008.*40

Environmental Sustainability Index:
As per the Environmental Sustainability Index by YEL University, 2005, Bangladesh ranks 114 out of 146 countries with a ESI score of 44.1.*41

Economic Freedom Index:
As per the Economic Freedom Index, 2006,by Heritage Foundation, Bangladesh ranks 137 out of 178 countries of the world with a overall score of 53.3. *42

Logistics performance index: Overall (1=low to 5=high):
As per the Logistics performance index: Overall, Bangladesh ranked with 2.47 point in 2007, 2.74 in 2010. and 2.56 in 2014.*43

Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI):
The Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) project reports aggregate and individual governance indicators for over 200 countries and territories over the period 1996–2015, for six dimensions of governance (Voice and Accountability, Political Stability and Absence of Violence, Government Effectiveness,Regulatory Quality,Rule of Law,Control of Corruption).

As per the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI), Bangladesh ranks with the value of 34.74 in 2013, 33.00 in 2014, 30.54 in 2015 under the category of ‘Voice Accountability’.*44

As per the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI), Bangladesh ranks with the value of 7.58 in 2013, 16.19 in 2014, 10.95 in 2015 under the category of ‘Political Stability No violence’.*44

As per the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI), Bangladesh ranks with the value of 23.70 in 2013, 22.12 in 2014, 24.04 in 2015 under the category of ‘Government Effectiveness’.*44

As per the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI), Bangladesh ranks with the value of 21.33 in 2013, 18.27 in 2014, 17.31 in 2015 under the category of ‘Regulatory Quality’.*44

As per the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI), Bangladesh ranks with the value of 22.54 in 2013, 25.96 in 2014, 27.40 in 2015 under the category of ‘Rule of Law’.*44

As per the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI), Bangladesh ranks with the value of 20.38 in 2013, 18.75 in 2014, 18.27 in 2015 under the category of ‘Control of Corruption’.*44

Global Passport Index:
As per the Global Passport Index, Bangladesh ranks 89 with 37 visa-free score among the countries of the world.*45

World Justice Project:
As per the The World Justice Project (WJP) Rule of Law Index. Bangladesh scored with the value of 0.39 in 2014, 0.42 in 2015, 0.41 in 2016 (global ranking-113).*46

Global Innovation Index:
As per the Global Innovation Index, Bangladesh ranked 117 out of 128 countries of the world with a score of 22.90 out of 100.*47

Terrorism Index:
As per the Terrorism Index, Bangladesh scored 5.92 in 2014, 5.47 in 2013.*48

CPJ’s Global Impunity Index:
As per the CPJ’s Global Impunity Index, Bangladesh ranked 11 with a rating of 0.043.*49

Global Equity Indices:
As per the S&P Global Equity Indices, Bangladesh ranked 36 in 2015. *50

Most Peaceful Countries:
As per the most peaceful countries, Bangladesh ranked 84th out of 162 countries of the world in 2015.*51

Global Energy Architecture Performance Index:
As per the Global Energy Architecture Performance Index, 2016 by World Economic Forum (WEF), Bangladesh ranked 106 out of 126 countries of the world. with the score of 0.50 (0.63 point in Economic Growth and development, 0.43 in Environment sustainability and 0.45 in Energy access and security).*52

AgeWatch country report card:
As per the AgeWatch country report card, Bangladesh ranked 67 out of 96 countries of the world.*53

Environmental Performance Index (EPI):
As per the Environmental Performance Index (EPI), Bangladesh ranked 173 out of 180 countries of the world with a score of 41.77.*54

FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking (Men and Women):
As per the FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking (Men), Bangladesh ranked 188 in Ocober, 2016, 182 in 2015, 164 in 2014, 164 in 2013, 168 in 2012, 157 in 2011,159 in 2010, 149 in 2009, 174 in 2008, 168 in 2007, 144 in 2006, 160 in 2005, 167 in 2004, 151 in 2003, 159 in 2002, 146 in 2001, 151 in 2000, 130 in 1999, 157 in 1998, 141 in 1997, 136 in 1996, 138 in 1995, 130 in 1994 and 116 in 1993.

As per the FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking (Women), Bangladesh ranked 121 in August, 2016, 123 in 2015, 116 in 2014, 100 in 2013, 114 in 2012, 122 in 2011, and 128 in 2010.*55

Global Fire Power Index:
As per the Global Fire Power Index, 2016, Bangladesh ranked 52 out of 126 with GFP power index rating of 0.8683 (0.0000 being perfect).*56

Global Rights Index:
As per the Global Rights Index, 2015, Bangladesh achieved the rating of 5 (No guarantee of rights) while 1 indicates ‘Irregular violation of rights).*57

A.T. Kearney Global Services Location Index:
As per the A.T. Kearney Global Services Location Index, 2016, Bangladesh ranked 22th out of 55 countries of the world with a score of 3.34 in financial attractiveness, 1.10 in People skills and availability and 0.87 in Business environment.*58

Global Slavery Index:
As per the rank of countries by prevalence of population in modern slavery (1=most severe problem, 167=Least severe problem) in 2014, Bangladesh ranked 59 out of 167 countries of the world where 0.435% of population in modern slavery where 680,900 population estimated in modern slavery out of 156,594,962 population.*59

Human Freedom Index:
As per the Human Freedom Index and Sub-Indices, 2012, Bangladesh ranked 134 out of 152 countries of the world with a 5.31 Personal Freedom points, 6.33 Economic Freedom points and 5.82 Freedom index.*60

Most Populous Country:
As per the world population data sheet y Population reference bureau in 2014, Bangladesh is the 8th most populous country of the world with 158 millions of population. In another estimate, the population of Bangladesh is estimated as 202 millions in 2050.*61

Country Brand Index:
As per the Country Brand Index (2014-2015), Bangladesh ranked 72 out of 75 countries of the world.*62

The Global Talent Competitiveness Index:
As per the Global Talent Competitiveness Index (2015-16), Bangladesh ranked 100 out of 109 countries of the world with score of 30.985.Bangladesh scored 95 for the category of ‘Enable’, 91 for ‘Attract’, 108 for ‘Grow’, 97 for ‘Retain’, 81 for ‘LV Skills’ 91 for ‘GK Skills’.*63

Facebook Users:
As per the internetworldstats (June/2016), the total number of facebook users of Bangladesh is 21,000,000.*64

Internet User:
As per the internetworldstats (per BTRC, November, 2015), the total number of Internet users is 53,941,000.*65

OPEN BUDGET SURVEY 2015:
As per the Open Budget Survey 2015, Bangladesh ranked 56 out of 100 countries of the world in the ‘Transparency’ (Open budget index), 23 out of 100 in the ‘Public Participation’ category, 49 out of 100 in the ‘Budget Oversight’ (by legislative) category, and 75 out of 100 in the Budget Oversight’ categy (‘By Audit’).*66

Innovation Cities Index:
As per the Innovation Cities Index, 2015, Dhaka ranked 405 with a score of 35 and Chittagong ranked 420 with a score of 32 out of 442 cities of the world.*67

Social Progress Index:
As per the Social Progress Index, 2015, Bangladesh raked 100 with a score of 53.39 out of 133 countries of the world.*68

INFORM Country Risk Profile:
As per the INFORM Country Risk Profile, 2016, Bangladesh ranked 21 out 191 countries with a value of 5.8 in the ‘Inform Risk’ category. Bangladesh ranked 12 out 191 countries with a value of 7.2 in the ‘Hazard & Exposure’ category.
Bangladesh ranked 53 out 191 countries with a value of 4.8 in the ‘Vulnerability’ category. Bangladesh ranked 60 out 191 countries with a value of 5.7 in the ‘Lack of Coping Capacity’ category.*69

Preliminary Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Index:
As per the Preliminary Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) Index, Bangladesh ranked (By (G) geometric mean) 129 out of 147 countries in the world.*70

Global Go To Think Tank Index:
As per the Global Go To Think Tank Index, 2015, The number of think tanks of Bangladesh is 35.*71

The Networked Readiness Index:
As per the Networked Readiness Index, 2016, Bangladesh ranked 112 out 139 countries of the world with a score of 3.3. In 2015, Bangladesh was ranked 109 out of the 143 countries of the world.*72

Global R&D Funding Forecast:
As per the Global R&D Funding Forecast, 2016, Bangladesh ranked 39 out of 40 countries of the world.*73

Freedom on the Net:
Freedom on the Net scores are based on a scale of 0 to 100 with 0 representing the best level of freedom on the net progress and 100 the worst. The 2016 ratings reflect the period of June 1, 2015 through May 31, 2016. As per the freedom on the net index (FOTN), 2016, Bangladesh is marked as ‘partly free’.The total score of Bangladesh is 56 out of 100. Bangladesh scored 14 in the ‘Obstacles to Access’, 14 in the ‘Limits on Content’, 28 in the ‘Violations
of Users Rights’ category.Bangladesh scored 49 in 2013, 49 in 2014, and 51 in 2015.*74

Global Terrorism Index:
As per the Global Terrorism Index, 2016, Bangladesh ranked 22 out 130 countries in the world with a score of 6.479.*75

Under-Five Mortality Rankings:
As per the data of Unicef, Bangladesh ranked 61 in 2015 under five mortality ranking out of 195 countries of the world with a value of 38.*76

UN E-Government Survey 2016:
As per the UN E-Government Survey 2016, Bangladesh ranked 124 in 2016 out of 193 countries of the world with a value of 0.3799 E-Government Development Index (EGDI).*77

Global Peace Index 2016:
As per the Global Peace Index, 2016,by Institute for Economics & Peace, Bangladesh ranked 83rd in 2016 out of 163 countries of the world with a score of 2.045.*78

Global Wealth Index by Credit Swiss Research Institute:
As per the Global welath index by Credit Swiss Research Institute, 2016, the wealth per adult is USD 2347. In 2000,the wealth per adult was USD 169. As per the wealth data quality, Bangladesh ranked as ‘Poor’.*79

The Mastercard Women’s Entrepreneurial Index 2016:
As per The Mastercard Women’s Entrepreneurial Index 2016, Bangladesh ranked 16th in the Asia Pacific region.*80

Business Software Alliance Survey on Global Software Piracy:
As per the data of Business Software Alliance Survey on Global Software Piracy, the rate of unlicensed software installation of Bangladesh was 86% in 2015, 87% in 2013, 90% in 2011 and 91% in 2009. The commercial value of unlicensed Software of Bangladesh was $236 in 2015, $197 in 2013, $147 in 2011 and $127 in 2009.*81

Global Enabling Trade Index:
As per the global Enabling Trade Index, 2016, Bangladesh ranked 123rd out of 134 countries of the world with a score of 3.48 (1-7 scale). In 2014, Bangladesh ranked 120th out of 133 countries of the world with a score of 3.39 (1-7 scale). *82

Top 10 migrant origin countries by Mckinsey Global:
As per the report titled as ‘People on the move: Gloal migration impact and opportunity’ by Mckinsey Global
Institute, Bangladesh ranked 5th out of the top 10 migrant origin countries of the world with 7 million people (70 lacks) living abroad.*83

Arton Capital’s Passport Index:
As per the Arton Capital’s Passport Index, 2017, Bangladesh ranked 92nd of the world with 35 visa-free score.*84

The Inclusive Growth and Development Report 2017:
As per the Inclusive Growth and Development Report, 2017, published by the World Economic Forum, Bangladesh ranked 36th out of 79 developing countries of the world with 4.03 overall Inclusive Development Index (IDI) score.*85

Economist Intelligence Unit’s (EIU) Democracy Index, 2016:
As per the Economist Intelligence Unit’s (EIU) Democracy Index-2016, Bangladesh ranked 84th out of 167 countries
of the world with the overall score of 5.73.*86

Agility emerging market logistics index, 2016:
As per the Agility emerging market logistics index, 2016, Bangladesh ranked 27th out of 45 countries of the world with the value of 4.73. In 2016, Bangladesh scored 4.56.*87

Air Pollution data by Numbeo:
As per the Air Pollution data by Numbeo, 2017, Dhaka ranked 7th out of 329 cities of the world with pollution
index value of 95.35 and Exp pollution index value of 172.46.*88

Air Pollution data by Bangladesh GOVT, WHO and State of Global Air:
AIR Pollution Data by Bangladesh Govt *89
AIR Pollution Data by WHO-World Health Organization *90
AIR Pollution Data by State of Global Air *91

Regulatory Indicators for sustainable energy (RISE) Report by World Bank:
As per the Regulatory Indicators for Sustainable Energy (RISE) Report, 2016, by World Bank, Bangladesh ranked 49th out of 111 countries of the world with the overall rise score 68 in Energy Access Score category, 57 in Renewable Energy Score category, and 23 in Energy Efficiency Score category.*92

•*93

Reference:
*1. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GGGR2015/BGD.pdf
*2. http://reports.weforum.org/feature-demonstration/files/2016/10/BGD.pdf
*3. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2015_human_development_report.pdf
*4. http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/311790804b5ca8d783fbc3bbd578891b/Lighting-Asia-offgrid-lighting-Report072512.pdf?MOD=AJPERES
*5. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_languages_by_number_of_native_speakers
*6. https://germanwatch.org/fr/download/13503.pdf
*7. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EN.POP.DNST
*8. https://www.transparency.org/cpi2015/#results-table
*9.1. http://www.transparency.org/news/feature/corruption_perceptions_index_2016
Or http://www.transparency.org/country/BGD
*9.2. http://www.tradingeconomics.com/bangladesh/corruption-rank
*10. https://i.unu.edu/media/ehs.unu.edu/news/4070/11895.pdf
*11. http://happyplanetindex.org/countries/bangladesh
*12. https://rsf.org/en/ranking# or https://rsf.org/en/bangladesh?nl=ok
*13. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/IC.BUS.EASE.XQ
*14. http://www.doingbusiness.org/rankings
*15. http://www.globalslaveryindex.org/country/bangladesh/
*16. http://cmydiprod.uksouth.cloudapp.azure.com/sites/default/files/2016-10/2016%20Global%20Youth%20Development%20Index%20and%20Report.pdf
*17. http://ghi.ifpri.org/countries/BGD/
*18. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EG.USE.ELEC.KH.PC
*19. https://www.crin.org/en/access-justice-children-global-ranking
*20. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GCR2016-2017/05FullReport/TheGlobalCompetitivenessReport2016-2017_FINAL.pdf
*21. http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/GDP-ranking-table
*22. http://unctad.org/en/PublicationsLibrary/wir2014_en.pdf
*23. https://www.imercer.com/content/mobility/rankings/col2016-rankings.html?mkt_tok=eyJpIjoiWkRSbE5tWXdNRFE0WWpReCIsInQiOiJVZmpNSllJN2hYRGI0TmZtY1d6dlllVlJUVVU5XC9NOFl3ZVdVNzFoUnRlc2k2NFM5TnlYbFc2UGZ4WnZBVzMxRk44SDhkQk1nUXcrWHYraktUSUNyeW5pU0FsZnN4QlwvVE9aNE1FWHhMZEhBPSJ9
*24. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2151rank.html
*25. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2151.html
*26. https://www.itu.int/net4/ITU-D/idi/2015/#
*27. https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/stat/default.aspx
*28. https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/stat/default.aspx
*29. https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/stat/default.aspx
*30. https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/stat/default.aspx
*31. https://www.itu.int/en/ITU-D/Statistics/Pages/stat/default.aspx
*32. http://foodsecurityindex.eiu.com/Country/Details#Bangladesh
*33. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/BX.KLT.DINV.CD.WD
*34. https://www.brown.edu/academics/taubman-center/sites/brown.edu.academics.taubman-center/files/uploads/egovt07int.pdfhttp://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.MHSUICIDE?lang=en
*35. http://apps.who.int/gho/data/node.main.MHSUICIDE?lang=en
*36. http://www.savethechildren.org/atf/cf/%7B9def2ebe-10ae-432c-9bd0-df91d2eba74a%7D/SOWM_EXECUTIVE%20SUMMARY.PDF
*37: http://www.economist.com/media/pdf/DEMOCRACY_INDEX_2007_v3.pdf
*38 :http://csis.org/files/publication/110516_South_Asia-AsiaMilitaryBalance2011.pdf
*39 :http://globalization.kof.ethz.ch/media/filer_public/2016/03/03/rankings_2016.pdf
*40 : https://www.atkearney.com/documents/10192/8178456/Global+Cities+2016.pdf/8139cd44-c760-4a93-ad7d-11c5d347451a
*41 : http://archive.epi.yale.edu/files/2005_esi_summary_for_policymakers.pdf
*42. http://www.heritage.org/index/ranking OR http://www.heritage.org/index/country/bangladesh Or http://www.heritage.org/index/pdf/2016/book/index_2016.pdf
*43. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/LP.LPI.OVRL.XQ
*44. http://info.worldbank.org/governance/wgi/index.aspx#home
*45. https://www.passportindex.org/byRank.php OR https://www.passportindex.org/comparebyPassport.php?p1=bd
*46. http://worldjusticeproject.org/sites/default/files/media/wjp_rule_of_law_index_2016.pdf
*47. http://www.theglobaleconomy.com/rankings/GII_Index/
*48. http://www.tradingeconomics.com/bangladesh/terrorism-index
*49. https://www.cpj.org/reports/2016/10/impunity-index-getting-away-with-murder-killed-justice.php
*50. http://www.indexmundi.com/facts/indicators/CM.MKT.INDX.ZG/rankings
*51. https://knoema.com/qnlwwie/the-2015-global-peace-index
*52. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Energy_Architecture_Performance_Index_2016.pdf
*53. http://www.helpage.org/global-agewatch/population-ageing-data/global-rankings-table/
*54. http://epi.yale.edu/sites/default/files/2016EPI_Full_Report_opt.pdf
*55. http://www.fifa.com/fifa-world-ranking/associations/association=ban/men/index.html
*56. http://www.globalfirepower.com/country-military-strength-detail.asp?country_id=bangladesh
*57. https://www.ituc-csi.org/IMG/pdf/survey_global_rights_index_2015_en.pdf
*58. https://www.atkearney.com/documents/10192/7094247/On+the+Eve+of+Disruption.pdf/49fa89fa-7677-4ab8-8854-5003af40fc8e
*59. http://reporterbrasil.org.br/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/GlobalSlavery_2014_LR-FINAL.pdf
*60. http://www.freetheworld.com/2015/freedomIndex/Human-Freedom-Index-2015.pdf
*61. http://www.prb.org/pdf14/2014-world-population-data-sheet_eng.pdf
*62. http://www.futurebrand.com/uploads/CBI-14_15-LR.pdf
*63. http://global-indices.insead.edu/gtci/
*64. http://www.internetworldstats.com/asia.htm#bd
*65. http://www.internetworldstats.com/asia.htm#bd
*66. http://www.internationalbudget.org/wp-content/uploads/OBS2015-CS-Bangladesh-English.pdf
*67. http://www.innovation-cities.com/innovation-cities-index-2015-global/9609
*68. https://www2.deloitte.com/content/dam/Deloitte/global/Documents/About-Deloitte/gx-cr-social-progress-index-executive-summary-2015.pdf
*69. http://www.inform-index.org/Portals/0/Inform/2016/country_profiles/BGD.pdf OR http://www.inform-index.org/Countries/Country-profiles/iso3/BGD
*70. http://unsdsn.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/160215-Preliminary-SDG-Index-and-SDG-Dashboard-working-paper-for-consultation.pdf
*71. http://www.iris-france.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/02/2015-Global-Go-To-Think-Tank-Index-Report.pdf
*72. http://online.wsj.com/public/resources/documents/GITR2016.pdf
*73. https://www.iriweb.org/sites/default/files/2016GlobalR%26DFundingForecast_2.pdf
*74. https://freedomhouse.org/report/table-country-scores-fotn-2016 OR https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-net/2016/bangladesh
*75. http://economicsandpeace.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/11/Global-Terrorism-Index-2016.2.pdf
*76. https://www.unicef.org/publications/files/UNICEF_SOWC_2016.pdf
*77. https://publicadministration.un.org/egovkb/en-us/Reports/UN-E-Government-Survey-2016
*78. http://static.visionofhumanity.org/sites/default/files/GPI%202016%20Report_2.pdf
*79. http://publications.credit-suisse.com/tasks/render/file/index.cfm?fileid=AD6F2B43-B17B-345E-E20A1A254A3E24A5
*80. http://www.masterintelligence.com/content/intelligence/en/research/reports/2016/womens-entreprenurial-index-2016.html#INDIA14th,SRILANKA15thBANGLADESH16th
*81. http://globalstudy.bsa.org/2016/downloads/studies/BSA_GSS_US.pdf
*82. http://reports.weforum.org/global-enabling-trade-report-2016/the-enabling-trade-index-2016-framework/
or http://reports.weforum.org/global-enabling-trade-report-2016/economy-profiles/#economy=BGD
or http://reports.weforum.org/pdf/eti-2016/WEF_ETI_2016_Profile_BGD.pdf
*83. https://www.mckinsey.de/files/mgi_people_on_the_move.pdf
*84. https://www.passportindex.org/byRank.php
or https://www.passportindex.org/comparebyPassport.php?p1=bd&s=yes
*85. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_Forum_IncGrwth_2017.pdf
*86. http://www.eiu.com/Handlers/WhitepaperHandler.ashx?fi=Democracy-Index-2016.pdf&mode=wp&campaignid=DemocracyIndex2016
*87. http://www.agility.com/EN/About-Us/Documents/Agility%20Emerging%20Markets%20Logistics%20Index%202016.pdf
*88. https://www.numbeo.com/pollution/rankings.jsp
*89. http://case.doe.gov.bd/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1199:air-quality-index&catid=8:aqi-archives&Itemid=32
*90. http://www.who.int/phe/health_topics/outdoorair/databases/cities/en/
*91. https://www.stateofglobalair.org/sites/default/files/SOGA2017_report.pdf
Or https://www.stateofglobalair.org/data
*92. http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/538181487106403375/pdf/112828-WP-P154461-PUBLIC-RISEReport65151book0206.pdf
*93.

index-of-bangladesh

*Note: We will update the index gradually as and when the data / information will come to our attention (To be continued. .. … …. …..).

Facebook pageFrom the Heart of Bangladesh

Dr. Jamal Uddin, the inventor of world’s most efficient Solar Energy cells

People of Bangladesh residing worldwide bring money, fame and even contributes to the world economy and development through their innovation and discovery. Such a name of a Bangladeshi Bengali is expatriate scientist, Mr. Jamal Uddin (Bengali: ড. জামালউদ্দিন).

This invention is very crucial for the world, especially for Bangladesh. As we know, as per the data of Bangladesh Govt, 55.26% people of Bangladesh have electricity and most importantly, 42.49% people of rural areas in Bangladesh have electricity.* This shows that the huge deficit of electricity in Bangladesh. Most importantly, lack of electricity creates space for kerosene. Maximum people of the off-grid areas have to rely on using kerosene lamp at night due to unavailability of on-grid electricity.

One statistics shows that the typical expenditure on kerosene is around 1 to 2% of the monthly incomes of Bangladeshi households. With 94% of this kerosene being consumed for lighting, the resulting expenditure on kerosene for lighting is approximately USD 0.36 billion.** This is huge indeed, so as to say!

The work of Mr. Jamal Uddin is also huge! He invented the world most efficient solar cell which has 43.4% of the solar cell renewable energy production capacity. He made new world record in this case by using meta physics, Kasmol software and PC One-D. His invention will create more opportunities for solar technology even impact on the lives of the people of the third world country and developed country.

Dr. Jamal has completed his Honour’s and Masters degree in chemistry from the University of Dhaka. He obtained his PhD degree from the University of Osaka, Japan.

He is currently working as an ‘Associate Professor’ at Coppin State University in Baltimore, Maryland of United States of America. And he is the researcher in Coppin State’s Center for Nano-technology. He is the resident of Hajiganj of Chandpur district. He is the son of late Abdul Jalil and Begum Fazilatunnesa.

He received Wilson H. Elkins Professorship, second year in a row. He is the recipient of the 2014 Wilson H. Elkins Professorship Award. Founder and director of Coppin State’s Center for Nano-technology, Dr. Jamal Uddin plans to use the funds to continue supporting Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (S.T.E.M.) research, especially solar research. This is redundant to say that the Wilson H. Elkins Professorship Award is the highest honor that the Board of Regents’ bestows to recognize exemplary faculty achievement.

Publications:
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jp010064b
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0020169311005299

Contact:
Department of Natural Sciences, Coppin State University, 2500 West North Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21216, USA
Corresponding: Tel.: +1 410 951 4118; fax: +1 410 951 4110 (Md.J. Uddin), tel.: +1 410 706 8409; fax: +1 410 706 8408 (J.R. Lakowicz).
E-mail: juddin@coppin.edu

Reference Link:
* Household income & Expenditure survey, 2010
** http://www.ifc.org/wps/wcm/connect/311790804b5ca8d783fbc3bbd578891b/Lighting-Asia-offgrid-lighting-Report072512.pdf?MOD=AJPERES

dr-jamal-uddin

Facebook pageFrom the Heart of Bangladesh

Professor M. Zahid Hasan, the discoverer of mass less particle, Weyl fermion

This is the story of another proud Bangladeshi Bengali. This is about M. Zahid Hasan (Bengali: জাহিদ হাসান) who led A group of researchers of Princeton University in the United States which discovered the elusive massless quasi particle, Weyl fermion, predicted 85 years earlier. This is the unique innovation. This innovation will bring revolution in producing electronics goods for the next generation. This particle has incredible capacity to move inside the matter and anti-matter through crystal. This is noteworthy that Physicist and mathematician Hermann Weyl predicted the existence of Weyl fermions in 1929.

Zahid Hasan alias Taposh is the eldest of two sons and one daughter of Advocate Mohammad Rahman Ali and wife Nadira Ali Talukdar. Zahid has passed Secondary (SSC) from Dhanmondi Government Boys’ High School in 1986 and higher secondary(HSC) from Dhaka College in 1988. He stood second in the combined merit list in SSC and first in HSC.

He later studied at the University of Texas in Austin, United States of America. He has worked with physicist Professor Steven Weinberg, who had shared the Nobel Prize with Professor Mohammad Abdus Salam in 1979. He started working on experimental based physics with his interest. He had completed his masters and doctorate at Stanford University. After completing his studies at Princeton University, he joined as a ‘lecturer’ there in 2002. He became a ‘full professor’ in 2011. He is currently a professor of physics at the university.

He has another identity as a writer. Zahid published his first book on science, Aesho Dhumketur Rajjae (Bengali: এসো ধুমকেতুর রাজ্যে) which can read as ‘come to the World of Comets: An Astrophysics Primer’ at the age of just 16 in 1986.

In his personal life, he got married with Sarah, MIT-educated engineer, who works for Microsoft. They have two adorable children: Arik Ibrahim Hasan (13) and Sarina Maryam Hasan (11).

Contact:
Position: Professor
Title: Professor of Physics,
Princeton University,
Office: 321 Jadwin Hall,
Phone: 609-258-3044
Email: mzhasan@princeton.edu
Homepage: http://physics.princeton.edu/zahidhasangroup/

Youtube:

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Facebook pageFrom the Heart of Bangladesh

Ayesha Arefin Tumpa, worked in a team which invented artificial lung

According to the Global Gender gap report 2015, Bangladesh ranks 64th out of 145 countries with a score of 0.704 (0.00 = inequality, 1.00=Equality)* . This is the statistics which say lot about the gender situation of a country like Bangladesh. But a girl of this country still can contribute if they get proper opportunities and support. Let it be in the field of science and technology or any other sectors. Though this county has very few female scientists, some of them are doing really a brilliant job in the field of science and technology.

Ayesha Arefin Tumpa (Bengali: আয়েশা আরেফিন টুম্পা), is the name of such Bangladeshi girl who proved this again with her invention, artificial human lungs. She has invented this using Nano-technology as a part of combined team. According to her, she is grateful to the researchers of different countries particularly Momo Vuyisich of Montenegro working in Los Alamos of United States of America.

An American researcher, Chris Detter of Alamos National Laboratory, had discovered promising geneticist Tumpa in one of his trip to Bangladesh for research related work in 2011. She got the opportunity of studying in Los Alamos National Laboratory for higher studies and research with the exclusive collaboration by Detter and his colleague, Lance Green. She had been doing her PHD in University of New Mexico on nano-science. At the same time, she had been continuing her research in Los Alamos National Laboratory.

Tumpa began her career in the bio-security section at Los Alamos National laboratory. Then, a renowned Indian researcher and toxicologist, Rashi Iyer had appointed Tumpa in the lab for optogenix related research work. This is noteworthy that optogenix is the study of manipulating genetics and engineering proteins to control neuron activity in living tissue ”for prosthetic limb and artificial tissue development.

As we know, Nanoparticles is used in different products starting from sunscreens to solar panels, are proliferating so quickly that safety testing for potential health hazards can hardly keep-up. Tumpa and other member of Iyer’™s team are developing methods to improve testing of toxins and diseases and support bioethics, including replacing prevalent animal-testing methods with trials in artificial organs.

The team is creating an artificial human lung to reveal the cellular mechanisms in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease,”the third most common cause of death in America and support development of therapeutics. Arefin also researches neurological diseases and strokes.

In the same time, Tumpa engaged in doing research on various neurological diseases and blood-dripping in brain. In her education life in Bangladesh, She had attended in Shahjalal University of Science and Technology (SUST), where she received her undergraduate degree in Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology. Anyone can judge her more by one of her saying, as it says, “My goal is not just to do cool things; my goal is to do something helpful for other people”

Contact:
FB: https://web.facebook.com/arefin.tumpa?fref=ts
Publications: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Ayesha_Arefin

Youtube:

*Ref: http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GGGR2015/BGD.pdf

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Facebook pageFrom the Heart of Bangladesh

Mohammad Ashraful Alam, a Bangladeshi descent in the United States of America invented a new ‘Electric sensor’ that can detect the living and the dead cells of bacteria within few minutes conquering the current challenge of science to detect Bacteria in hours.

This is the success story of another Bangladeshi, Mohammad Ashraful Alam (Bengali: মুহাম্মদ আশরাফুল আলম) in United States of America who invented a new ‘Electric sensor’. With his invention, living and the dead cells of bacteria can be detected within few minutes. As a result, the diagnosis of diseases will be more accurate than earlier. And protection of different types of dishes will be ensured.

Mr. Ashraful Alam teaches in the Electrical and Computer Engineering Department of the University of Puradu. He had studied in Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology(BUET) in Bangladesh.

Bacteria are examined before giving anti-bacterial

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

medicine. Usually it takes few hours to examine bacteria samples. So, this is quite difficult to detect the disease or starting the treatment of the patients. But the sensor he made with a PHD student, Aida Ebrahimi, would take few minutes to complete the whole process. The sensor can accurately detect the difference between living and dead bacteria cells.

The research paper of Ashraful Alam and Aida Ibrahim was published in the Journal, “Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences”. The study is important that the sensor can detect the difference between the dead and the living bacteria cells within a short time. This will help realizing how the bacteria die. The treatment of a bacteria infected patient can be started quickly now and effective drugs also can be given to cure the patient soon.

Contact: Muhammad Ashraful Alam, 765 49-45988, alam@purdue.edu
Youtube: https://youtu.be/QN019bQJCb8
Electronic Sensor SOT and B-roll
Link: https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/0B5pvN1C9I3pbejZ4U3p3ZHJLVFE

Facebook pageFrom the Heart of Bangladesh

Ehsan Hoque, the inventor of Mood Meter which can read the mood or smiles of human being, contributes in the field artificial intelligence

Machine can measure the smile. The man-made device can do everything. The device can even detect muscle movements, frowning or the tendency of slight lips press. If a person can smile in front of the device, it can predict the happiness of the person. This is something new and like fairytale in the field of technology considering current advancement of technology even in the developed country. But a Bangladeshi with his team mates made this possible through his historical invention.

Two youths have designed this device, ‘MIT Mood Meter’ in the media lab of MIT. One of them is a proud Bangladeshi, Mr. Ehsan Hoque (Bengali: এহসান হক).

The movement of Human face and voice analysis is of the main subject of their research to help identify the device of human emotions. However, Mr. Ehsan worked to make a first automatic robot in the laboratory of Walt Disney which could see, hear and make decisions by itself before doing this project.

MIT students, Mr. Ehsan Hoque and Mr. Xavier Hernandez began the work of the mood meter collectively. The project of Ehsan prepared a report on the level of happiness of the people of the area of MIT campus by analyzing the grimace of human face through 4 cameras placed in 4 important places of MIT Campus.

At the beginning of this study, the project faced different barriers. There was a need of sample of joy and despair. Most of the researches in the past were through the sample of acting. For example, Unsaturated people were asked to express their feeling in front of camera as if they were happy or they were disappointed.

But the data found through such acting was not found true. They needed real-time data. Computer algorithms can detect samples collected through acting. But in reality, the computer algorithm was failed totally to detect human emotions.
The computer algorithms required spontaneous expression. For this, they had to make a trap in which arrangements were made for the samples to make them laugh and disappointed.

Through this set-ups, they got the samples and they started analyze two types of samples laughter- One smile really a matter of genuine laughter, another smile even in the midst of despair. All the samples of smiling were recorded because there is less benefit in analyzing still pictures. They started analyzing the entire videos later.

A term of Computer Science is ‘machine learning. For this, there is a need of mathematical equations solving. There was no difference found between smiles of still photographs in the equations. However, the progress of two types of smiles had different developments. Spontaneous smile slowly grew and reached to intensified level, and the smile in the frustration created quickly and vanished away quite quickly.

With deep thoughts, they had created algorithm on machine learning. They have found that computer can identify two types of smiles 90% correctly. When they opened their device to public, they were surprised to see that their device can realize the smile of people more than the people do by themselves. The glorified part of this study that the device is able to understand the feelings of human being. This invention would add different dimensions in the field of artificial intelligence.

The inventor of such tehcnology, Mr. Ehsan Hoque completed his Secondary School (SSC) from Udayan School of Dhaka, Higher Secondary (HSC) from Dhaka College. He moved to United States of American for higher studies. He graduated in Bachelor of Science in Computer Science and Engineering from Penn State University, PA, USA in 2004 and completed Master’s degree in Computer Engineering from University of Memphis, TN, USA in 2007. He completed his PHD in Media Arts and Sciences (Media Lab) in Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA.in 2013.

He is now working in University of Rochester, NY as an Assistance Professor in Computer Science Department, Assistant Director for Research Outreach of Goergen Institute for Data Science. He is now researching on Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) for developing computational approaches to generate new insights and theories about human behavior that are “written nowhere, known by none, and understood by all.”

Learn more about Mood Meter: http://hoques.com/Publications/2012/12-siggraph_Mood%20Meter_Hoque_2012.pdf
Details of Mood Meter: http://affect.media.mit.edu/pdfs/12.Hoque-etal-Frustrated-Smiles-TAC.pdf

Award and Honors:
•National Awards:
•MIT Technology Review Top 35 Innovators Under 35 (TR35) Award 2016
•Google Faculty Award, 2016, 2014
•NSF CRII Award 2015
•Microsoft Azure Award 2014, 2016

Paper and Publication Awards:
•Nomination for the Most Influential Articles in IEEE transactions for Affective Computing Journal
•Best paper Award (Top 5 in 392 Submission), ACM Pervasive and Ubiquitous Computing 2013
•Best paper nomination (Top 5 in 245 submissions), IEEE Automated Face and Gesture Recognition 2011
•Best paper Nomination (Top 5 in 125 submissions), Intelligent Virtual Agents (IVA2006)

Thesis Awards:
•Nomination from the MIT Media Lab for ACM Doctoral Dissertation Award

Other Honors:
•University Research Awards (Previously known as Provost’s Multidisciplinary Award)-2015
•Excellence in reviewing Award at ICMI 2014
•IEEE Gold Humanitarian Fellowship for Innovative Use of Assitive Technology-2010
•Best Senior Design Award, Penn State University-2004

Contact:
710 Computer Studies Building, Rochester, NY 14627
Phone: 1-408-634-6783
mehoque AT {cs dot rochester dot edu}
Twitter: @ehsan_hoque
Website: http://hoques.com
Youtube: https://youtu.be/UeTgYxjT3Ns
Flickr: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mehoque/sets/72157627577377388/
https://www.flickr.com/photos/mehoque/
Photography: http://www.flickr.com/photos/mehoque/sets/72157627577377388/
Blog in Bengali: http://choturmatrik.com/blogs/এহসান-হক
Play: https://youtu.be/V6xDbpWSeUE
Play: https://youtu.be/EQCBfRsumB0

List of Publications: http://hoques.com/Publications.htm

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Facebook pageFrom the Heart of Bangladesh

Tonima Tasneem Ananya, the first Bangladeshi in nuclear research in Europe

The European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) has been selected Tonima Tasneem Ananya (Bengali: তনিমা তাসনিম অনন্যা) as the first Bangladeshi to research in 2012. The title of her research is the detection of an elementary particle, namely, ‘Higgs-Boson’.

She had already researched in NASA’s Space Telescope Science Institute of the United States on star formation for 3 months.
At the time of h

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

er selection, she was studying in the 4th year of astrophysics in Bryn Mawr College of United States of America followed by the completion of her 1 year study in Theoretical Physics in University of Cambridge. This is noteworthy that she had got 4th distinction in ‘O’ level and 10 A, and 6th in ‘A’ level.

Tonima is the daughter of M.A. Qayum, a prominent businessman and former successful commissioner and Shamima Ara Begum.

Linkedin: https://www.linkedin.com/in/tonima-tasnim-ananna-8b33771a

 

Facebook pageFrom the Heart of Bangladesh

Dr. Rasel Das, an idol of Bangladesh, awarded with ‘Elsevier Atlas Award’ for his research on purifying the sea water

Dr. Rasel Das (Bengali: রাসেল দাস), is an idol of Bangladesh, awarded along with his team mates for his research work on purifying the sea water. He was awarded with ‘Elsevier Atlas Award 2015’ in 2015. He has done his research on Carbon nanotube membranes for water Purification as part of completing his PHD degree.

This award is awarded in each year in every trades of science (including Physics, Chemistry, Health) by selecting the best research paper from research papers published in journals worldwide.

According to elsevier.com, ‘With over 2,500 journals publishing articles from across science, technology and health, our mission is to share some of the stories that matter. Each month Atlas showcases research that could significantly impact people’s lives around the world or has already done so. We hope that bringing wider attention to this research will go some way to ensuring its successful implementation.

With so many worthy articles published the tough job of selecting a single article to be awarded “The Atlas” each month comes down to an Advisory Board. The winning research is presented alongside interviews, expert opinions, multimedia and much more on the Atlas website’.

According to one of the press releases of elsevier.com, ‘About 400 million people are using desalinated water and it has been projected that 14 % of the global population will be forced to use sea water by 2025. Desalination plants already provide much of the water used by people in many parts of the world, especially in Israel, Saudi Arabia, and Australia. Climate change is only increasing the demand for desalinated water as greater evaporation and rising seas further limit freshwater supplies for a growing world population. But current methods to desalinate water come at a very high cost in terms of energy, which means more greenhouse gases and more global warming. Existing desalination plants rely on reverse osmosis, vacuum distillation, or a combination of the two. But those methods are energy intensive and costly. Carbon nanotubes are tiny hexagonal tubes, made by rolling sheets of graphene, said Rasel Das, first author of the paper. They require little energy and can be designed to specifically reject or remove not only salt, but also common pollutants’.

Mr. Das was born on 17th June, 1987. He had completed his graduation in 2009 and Post-graduation in 2011 from Chittagong Science and Technology University with first class grading in Bio-technology. Later he had joined in Chittagong Science and Technology University as Lecturer in Biotechnology department in 2012. He admitted later in PHD in Nanotechnology and Catalysis Research Center, University of Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in 2012 where he contributes to the research along with his team-mates Md. Eaqub Ali, Sharifah Bee Abd Hamid, Seeram Ramakrishna, Zaira Zaman Chowdhury.

Research Title: Carbon nanotube membranes for water purification: A bright future in water desalination
Link: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0011916413006127
PDF: http://ac.els-cdn.com/S0011916413006127/1-s2.0-S0011916413006127-main.pdf?_tid=13bc4bf4-6697-11e6-be60-00000aab0f6c&acdnat=1471671153_3123051ae044f514811c63ab8d23c65f

Reference link: https://www.elsevier.com/atlas/about

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Courtesy: https://www.elsevier.com

Facebook pageFrom the Heart of Bangladesh

%d bloggers like this: