The global ranking: where is Bangladesh among the SAARC countries?

SAARC is the name of regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of different countries in South Asia. The full form of SAARC is South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation. The member of the SAARC includes Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Maldives and Afghanistan. Afghanistan is a relatively new face in this organization. In one of the estimate, this is found that SAARC comprises 3% area of the entire world, 21% population of the world and 9.12% of the global economy in 2015.

SAARC was founded in Dhaka in 1985. Its secretariat is based in Kathmandu, Capital of Nepal which was established on 16th, January, 1987 and inaugurated by Late King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah of Nepal. The organization promotes development of economic, regional integration and regional cooperation. It launched the South Asian Free Trade Area in 2006.

SAARC maintains permanent diplomatic relations at the United Nations as an observer and has developed links with multilateral entities, including the European Union. Countries like Australia, China, the European Union, Iran, Japan, Mauritius, Myanmar, South Korea and the United States has ‘observer status’ in the SAARC. There are potential growing interests from different countries of the world to become a part of this organization. Myanmar has expressed interest in upgrading its status from an ‘observer’ to a ‘full member’ of SAARC. Russia has applied for ‘observer’ status membership of SAARC. Turkey applied for ‘observer status’ membership of SAARC in 2012.On the Other hand, South Africa has participated in meetings.

The following comparison will help the development practitioners to understand the position of Bangladesh among the member countries of SAARC.
Gender Gap Report:
According to the Global Gender gap report 2015, Bangladesh ranks 64th out of 145 countries with a score of 0.704 (0.00 = inequality, 1.00=Equality)*1.

SL	Country Name	Raking of South Asian Countries 	Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	             64	                            0.704
2.	India	                    108	                            0.664
3.	Pakistan	            144	                            0.559
4.	Sri Lanka	             84	                            0.686
5.	Nepal	                    110	                            0.658
6.	Bhutan                      118	                            0.646
7.	Maldives                    113	                            0.652
8.	Afghanistan              Not Found	                   Not Found

According to the Global Gender gap report 2016, Bangladesh ranks 72nd out of 144 countries with a score of 0.698 (0.00 = inequality, 1.00=Equality)*2

SL	Country Name	Raking of South Asian Countries	        Points / Score 
1.	Bangladesh	             72	                            0.698
2.	India	                     87	                            0.683
3.	Pakistan	            143	                            0.556
4.	Sri Lanka	            100	                            0.673
5.	Nepal	                    110	                            0.661
6.	Bhutan                      121	                            0.642
7.	Maldives                    115	                            0.650
8.	Afghanistan              Not Found	                  Not Found

Human Development Index (HDI):
As per the Human Development Index (HDI) prepared in 2015 by UNDP, Bangladesh ranks 142 out of 173 countries of the world with a value of 0.570.*3

SL	Country Name	Raking of South Asian Countries	        Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	            142	                            0.570
2.	India	                    130	                            0.609
3.	Pakistan	            147	                            0.538
4.	Sri Lanka	            73	                            0.757
5.	Nepal	                    145	                            0.548
6.	Bhutan                      132	                            0.605
7.	Maldives                    104	                            0.706
8.	Afghanistan                 171	                            0.465

Language ranking of South Asian language:
According to the top native speakers list in the 2007 edition of Nationalencyklopedin, the total number of native speakers of Bengali is 200 millions in 2007 and 205 millions in 2010. This constitutes the 3.05% of the world population (2007). The statistics also shows that Bengali (Bangla) is the 7th top languages spoken in the world. *4

SL	Language Name	Raking of South Asian Countries	        Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh (Bengali)	    7	                            None
2.	India (Hindi)	            4	                            None
3.	Pakistan (Urdu)	           21	                            None
4.	Sri Lanka (Sinhalese)	   62	                            None
5.	Nepal (Nepali)	           61	                            None
6.	Bhutan (Dzongkha)       Not Found	                    None
7.	Maldives (Dhivehi)      Not Found	                    None
8.	Afghanistan (Pashto)	   31	                            None

Climate Risk Index:
According to the Global Climate Risk Index 2016, Bangladesh ranks 6th most vulnerable country in the list of the most affected countries in the 20 year period (1995–2014) with the CRI score of 22.67. *5

SL	Country Name	Raking of South Asian Countries	        Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	            6	                            22.67
2.	India	                   16	                            39.17
3.	Pakistan	            8	                            31.17
4.	Sri Lanka	           53	                            62.67
5.	Nepal	                   17	                            40.83
6.	Bhutan                    103	                            97.33
7.	Maldives                  181	                           175.50
8.	Afghanistan                12	                            34.67

According to the Global Climate Risk Index for 2016, Bangladesh ranks 38th climate vulnerable country in the list of most affected countries in 2014 with the CRI score of 46.33. *6

SL	Country Name	Raking of South Asian Countries	        Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	           38	                            46.33
2.	India	                   10	                            16.17
3.	Pakistan	            5	                            12.67
4.	Sri Lanka	           13	                            23.50 
5.	Nepal	                    7	                            15.83
6.	Bhutan                    138	                           117.67
7.	Maldives                  138	                           117.67
8.	Afghanistan            Not Found	                 Not Found

Population density of Bangladesh:
As per the data by World Bank, the Population density (people per sq. km of land area) of Bangladesh 1,237. *7

SL	Country Name	 Population Density	                 Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	        1,237	                             None
2.	India	                  440	                             None
3.	Pakistan	          245	                             None
4.	Sri Lanka	          334	                             None
5.	Nepal	                  198	                             None
6.	Bhutan                     20	                             None
7.	Maldives                 1363	                             None
8.	Afghanistan                49	                             None

CORRUPTION PERCEPTIONS INDEX:
As per the Corruption Perceptions Index (2015), Bangladesh ranks 139 out of 168 countries of the world with a score of 25 CPI (out of 100). *8

SL	Country Name	 Raking of South Asian Countries	  Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	           139	                              25
2.	India	                    76	                              38
3.	Pakistan	           117	                              30
4.	Sri Lanka	            83	                              37
5.	Nepal	                   130	                              27
6.	Bhutan                      27	                              65
7.	Maldives                Not Found	                  Not Found
8.	Afghanistan                166	                              11

World Risk Report:
As per the world risk report (2014), Bangladesh ranks 5th out of 171 countries of the world with a ranking of 19.37 % WRI. The WorldRiskIndex examines the risk of becoming the victim of a disaster resulting from an extreme natural event for every country worldwide. *9

SL	Country Name	 Raking of South Asian Countries	Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	             5	                            19.37 %
2.	India	                    73	                             7.04 %
3.	Pakistan	            72	                             7.07 %
4.	Sri Lanka	            67	                             7.43 %
5.	Nepal	                   108	                             5.29 %
6.	Bhutan                      58	                             7.83 %
7.	Maldives                Not Found	                    Not Found
8.	Afghanistan                 40	                             9.71 %

Happy Planet index:
As per the Happy Planet index (2016), Bangladesh ranks 8th out of 140 countries of the world with a score of 38.4 HPI score.*10

SL	Country Name	Raking of South Asian Countries	         Points / Score
1.	Bangladesh	            8	                             38.4
2.	India	                   50	                             29.2
3.	Pakistan	           36	                             31.5
4.	Sri Lanka	           28	                             33.8
5.	Nepal	                   42	                             30.5
6.	Bhutan                     56	                             28.6
7.	Maldives               Not Found	                  Not Found
8.	Afghanistan               110	                             20.2

Website of SAARC: http://www.saarc-sec.org/

Reference:
*1. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GGGR2015/cover.pdf
*2. http://www3.weforum.org/docs/GGGR16/WEF_Global_Gender_Gap_Report_2016.pdf
*3. http://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/2015_human_development_report.pdf
*4. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_languages_by_number_of_native_speakers
*5. https://germanwatch.org/fr/download/13503.pdf
*6. https://germanwatch.org/fr/download/13503.pdf
*7. http://data.worldbank.org/indicator/EN.POP.DNST
*8. https://www.transparency.org/cpi2015/#results-table
*9. https://i.unu.edu/media/ehs.unu.edu/news/4070/11895.pdf
*10. http://happyplanetindex.org/countries/bangladesh

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About mahfujalam

This is Mahfuj Alam, Bangladesh. Working in the field of information technology, development.

Posted on November 19, 2016, in Article and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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