The Mujibnagar -The origin of Independent Bangladesh

This was 10th April 1971 when a new exile Government, Namely, MujibNagar (Bengali: মুজিবনগর) Government was formed to lead the freedom fighting. This Government took oath at a village, Baidyanathtala on 17th April 1971. The village was named, Mujib Nagar since then, as per the name of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman.

The structure of the Exile Government

  • President of Bangladesh: Sheikh Mujibur Rahman
  • Vice President; Acting President: Syed Nazrul Islam
  • Prime Minister: Tajuddin Ahmed
  • Foreign Affairs and Law Minister: Khondaker Mostaq Ahmed
  • Finance Minister: Muhammad Mansur Ali
  • Home, Relief and Rehabilitation Minister: A. H. M. Qamaruzzaman
  • Commander-in-Chief of the Mukti Bahini: Muhammad Ataul Gani Osmani
  • Chief of Staff: Major General Abdur Rab
  • Chief of the Department of Press, Information, Radio and Film: Abdul Mannan
  • Chief of the Department of Relief and Rehabilitation: Yusuf Ali
  • Chief of the Department of Commerce: Matiur Rahman
  • Chief of the Volunteer Corps: Amirul Islam

 The Structure of Armed battalions:

  • Commander-in-Chief: MAG Osmany
  • Defence Secretary: SA Samad
  • Chief of Staff: Colonel Abdur Rab
  • Sectors: The Ministry of Defence divided the war zone into eleven sectors and appointed a sector commander for each of the sectors. But there was no specific sector commander for sector No 10 or naval sector. Commandos used to fight under the command of the concerned sector commander whenever and wherever they carried out the operation in a particular sector. Besides, there were three brigades called Z force, K force and S force.
  • ‘Z’ Force: Major Ziaur Rahman
  • ‘K’ Force: Major Khaled Mosharraf
  • ‘S’ Force: Major Km Shafiullah

Toward MujibNagar:
One can reach to Mujib Nagar straightly from Meherpur by Bus or auto rickshaw. From Dhaka: From Kallanpur and Gabtoli, Buses of J R Paribahan, Meherpur Delux, Chuadanga Delux carries passengers from Dhaka to Meherpur and MujibNagar. The rate of bus fare is about 350 to 550.

Alternative root: From Dhaka to Meherpur through Bangabandhu Bridge, Sirajganj, Natore, Pabna, Lalan Shah Bridge (Pakshi setu), Kustia, Chuadanga.

 Mujibnagar Smriti Saudha (Memorial):
A brief history of Mujibnagar Smriti Saudha is presented here, thanks to banglapedia
“…On 31 August 1973 the government gave an instruction to construct a memorial at Mujibnagar. During the observance of Mujibnagar Day on 17 April 1974, Syed Nazrul Islam, the acting President of the Bangladesh Government in exile during the liberation war, formally inaugurated the project…The Mujibnagar Smriti Saudha is the symbol of liberation war and the sacrifice of the Bangalis. It stands on a land measuring 20.10 acres. This monument was erected on twenty three triangular shaped concreted pillars, and appears to be a symbol of the rising sun in its design planned by architect Tanveer Naquib. Twenty three pillars symbolise the twenty three years of Pakistani rule and of the struggle that the Bangalis gradually unfolded during those twenty three years. The altar is built with a height of 36 and a diametre of 160. The pillars are standing in a line covering half of the altar. Of the octagonal triangular shaped pillars the height of the first one is 9 and the length is 20. Each of the following pillars has an additional height of 1 and length 9/ from the previous one and thus the 23rd pillar assumes a height of 25 6 with length 25 6. The round shaped altar is divided into three parts of different height from the surface. The height of the first, second and third is 2 6, 3 and 3 6 respectively. The numerous circles on the other part of the altar of 2 6 height symbolise the thirty lac martyrs in the War of Liberation. The other part of the altar of 3 heights is covered by numerous pebbles symbolising the unified struggle of seven crore freedom fighter Banglalis. The place where oath was taken by the Mujibnagar Government has been earmarked by a rectangular of red cyramic bricks. The ascending stairs to the altar is of nine steps symbolising the progress of liberation war during the nine months.

A construction farm, ‘Everyday Engineering’ completed the construction work of the memorial under the supervision of the Directorate of Public Works of the government. President H.M Ershad formally inaugurated the Mujibnagar Smriti Saudha on 17 April 1987. It was transformed into the Mujibnagar Smriti Saudha Complex by annexing the new establishments like a library, a mosque and guest house during 1996-2001

Important architectures:
Various infrastructures development including a museum and liberation war based memorial map has been constructed with the cost of hundred crores. They are as the following-

  • Tourism motel and shopping mall under tourism ministry
  • Sishu pally under social welfare ministry
  • Mosque under religions ministry
  • Post office and telephone office under postal and tele-communication ministry
  • Internal road and Helipad under Local Govt Ministry
  • 6 memorandum based rose garden

All in Maps and Museum constructed:
A large map has been built based on the freedom fighting. 11 sectors of the liberation war has been marked.The following are marked in the map-

  • 11 sectors of liberation war
  • Movement of refugees through the border including Benapol, Bangaon, Birol, Netrokona
  • Demolition of Hardinj bridge
  • Hoisting of flags by ASM Abdur Rob
  • Reading Proclamation of independence by Shahjahan Siraj
  • Face-to-Face battle between freedom fighter and Pakistan Army in the river of Shaldaha
  • Capturing ship by Kaderia brigade and war
  • Face-to-face battle in Mirpur, Kustia and Kamalpur
  • Face-to-face battle in the bank of Shuvopur bridge
  • Demolition of Chalna and Chittagong port
  • The massacre of Pakistan army in Pahartoli and Rajshahi
  • The demolition of National Shahid Minar
  • Attack on National press club
  • Attack on Secretariate, Rajarbag police line, Jagannath hall, then EPR Pillkhana
  • The Royerbazar boddhovumi
  • The killing of intellectuals and
  • 40 sculpture of the leadership of many people and their role all around the maps

The following are available in the liberation museum

  • 29 Sculptures of then army chief, deputy, Bir uttam, 4 national leaders, Taramon bibi, Setara Begum by bronze and
  • Portrait of 30 important leaders of freedom

Outer side:

  • Big Mural of The elocution of 7th March by Bangabandhu
  • The killing on 25th march 1971
  • Women harassment by Pakistan army
  • Kindling in the houses of freedom fighter
  • The oath taking of the first exile Government of Bangladesh on 17th April 1971 and receiving saloot
  • Providing Guard of honor by 12 members of Ansar battalion to the acting president Syed Najrul Islam
  • The secret meeting of 11 sector commanders in Teliapara in Sylhet
  • The meeting of distributing sectors for sector commander of liberation war
  • The surrender of Pakistan Army with the presence of Arora-Niyazi and AK Khondokar

Watch the formation Mujibnagar Govt:


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Related Link:
The Mujibnagar -The origin of Independent Bangladesh
The Mujibnagar Complex-Sculpture
The Mujibnagar Complex-Maps of Bangladesh
The Mujibnagar Complex-The Museum
The Mujibnagar Complex-Architectural View
The Mujibnagar Complex-Sculpture
The Mujibnagar Complex-Lake
The Mujibnagar Complex-Sculpture Inside
The Natural Beauty of Mujibnagar, Meherpur
The Mujibnagar Complex-The Memorial
The Mujibnagar Complex-Roads Around
The Mujibnagar Complex-The historic Amro kanon or Mango Garden
The Mujibnagar Complex-The Milestone at MujibNagar
The Mujibnagar Complex-The Visitors Around
The Mujibnagar Complex-The Camp of BDR or BGB
The Mujibnagar Complex-The Zero Point Near MujibNagar
The Mujibnagar Complex-Other Structure
The Mujibnagar Complex-Miscellaneous
The Mujib Nagar Complex-Mismanagement

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About mahfujalam

This is Mahfuj Alam, Bangladesh. Working in the field of information technology, development.

Posted on December 23, 2014, in Historical and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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