Monthly Archives: September 2011

Target 2015: Where is Bangladesh in achieving MDG goals?

As per the data available in hand from GOVT and non-GOVT Organization, the situation of achieving MDG goal is far backward from the desired goal. No wonder, this is the picture of entire Bangladesh. The following chart, thanks to Sushasoner Jonno Procharavizan -SUPRO (Campaign for Good Governance), demonstrates relevant MDG(s) is/are “off-track”. Even though the latest data is not available in hand, there is no sign to demonstrate relevant MDG(s) is/are “on-track”
Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty & Hunger

Indicators Base Year 1991 Current Status 2009 Target 2015
Proportion of population below national upper poverty line % 56.6% 40.0 %(2005) 29.0 %
Poverty Gap Ratio % 17.0% 9.0 (2005) % 8.0%
Share of poorest quintile in national consumption % 6.5  % 5.3 (2005) %
Employment to population ratio % 48.5% 58.5(2006) %

Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education

Indicators Base Year 1990/1991 Current Status 2009 Target 2015
Net enrolment in primary education, % 60.5 91.1(2007) 100
Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5, % 40.7 52.0(200\7) 100
Adult Literacy rate above 15% years, % 37.2 56.3 (2007)
Net enrolment in primary education (15-24 years, women), % 69.9(2006)

Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women

Indicators Base Year 1990/1991 Current Status 2009 Target 2015
Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (Gender Parity Index=Girls/Boys) 0.83    1.08(2007) 1.0
Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (Gender Parity Index=Girls/Boys) 0.52 1.08(2006) 1.0
Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (Gender Parity Index=Girls/Boys) 0.37 0.61(2006) 1.0
Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector, % 19.1 14.6(2005)
Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament , % 12.7 19.0(2009) 33

Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality

Indicators Base Year 1990/1991 Current Status 2009 Target 2015
Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) 146 % 60%(2007) 48
Infant mortality (0-1 year) rate (per 1000 live births) 92 % 43% (2007) 31
Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles, % 54 % 88(2006) 100 %

Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health

Indicators Base Year 1990/1991 Current Status 2009 Target 2015
5.1 Maternal mortality rate , per 100,000 live births 574 (1990)* 351 144
5.2 Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel, % 5.0% 18.0% 50.0%
5.3 Contraceptive prevalence rate , % 39.7%

59.0%
5.4 Adolescent birth rate , per 1000 women 77 59
5.5a Antenatal care coverage (at least one visit), % 27. 5% (1993) 60.3 % 100%
5.5b: Antenatal care coverage (at least four visits), % 5.5% (1993) 20.6% 100%

Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Indicators Base Year 1990/1991 Current Status 2009 Target 2015
6.1: HIV prevalence among population (per 100, 000 population) 0.005% 0.319% Halting
6.2: Condom use rate at last high risk sex, % 4.5%
6.3: Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS , % 15.8(2006)
6.6a Prevalence of Malaria per 100,000 population 43 (2000) 58.6 (2008) Halting
6.6b Deaths of Malaria per 100,000 population 0.37 (2000) 0.11(2008) Halting
6.9a Prevalence of TB per 100,000 population 264 (1990) 225 Halting
6.9b Deaths of TB per 100,000 population 76(1990) 45 Halving

Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability

Indicators Base Year 1990/1991 Current Status 2009 Target 2015
7.1: Proportion of land area covered by forest (%)(tree coverage) 9.0% 19.2Tree density>10%)
7.2: CO2 emissions, metric tons per capita 0.14%(1990) 0.30% (2007) 100%
7.5: Proportion of total water resources used 89.0 % 97.8% (2007) 100%
7.9: Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility 21.0% 39.2(2006) % 60%
7.10: Proportion of population residing in Slum in the people living in urban areas 7.8 (2001) %

Goal 4: Develop a Global Partnership for Development

Indicators Base Year 1990/1991 Present Situation
8.1a: Net ODA Total received by Bangladesh (million US$ ) 1240 (1989-90) 96.1 (2007-08)
8.7: Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products, textiles and clothing from developing country (Bangladesh) , % 12-16% (2006)
Proportion of the use of telephone per 100 people 0.2% 0.92% (2008)
Proportion of the use of telephone per 100 people 00 3.4 % (2008)

What GOVT says?

Millennium Development Goals: Bangladesh Progress at a Glance

= on Track,   = will be achieved before 2015, = Needs Attention

Goals, Targets and Indicators (revised) Base Year 1990/1991 Current Status 2009 Target by 2015 Status of Progress
Goal 1: Eradicate Extreme Poverty & Hunger                Goal will partially be met
Target 1.A: Halve between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people below poverty line
1.1 Proportion of population below national upper poverty line (2122 kcal) % 55.6 38.7(2008,est) 29.0
1.2 Poverty Gap Ratio % 17.0 9 (2005) 8.0
1.3  Share of poorest quintile in national consumption % 6.5 NA           –
Target 1.B: Achieve full and productive employment and decent work for all, including women and young people.
1.5 Employment to population ratio % 48.5 59.3(2009) for all
Target 1.C: Halve between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger.
1.8 Prevalence of underweight children under-five years of age (6-59 months) % 66.0 45(2009) 33.0
1.9 Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (2122 kcal) % 48.0 40 (2005) 24.0
Proportion of population below minimum level of dietary energy consumption (1805 kcal) % 28.0 19.5 (2005) 14.0
Goal 2: Achieve Universal Primary Education               Goal will partially be met
Target 2.A: Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
2.1 Net enrolment in primary education, % 60.5 91.9(2008) 100
2.2 Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5, % 43.0 54.9(2008) 100
2.3 Adult Literacy rate of 15-24 years old population, % 36.9 58.3 (2007)
Goal 3: Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women   Goal will partially be met
Target 3.A : Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015 
3.1a Ratio of girls to boys in primary education (Gender Parity Index=Girls/Boys) 0.83 1.01(2008) 1.0
3.1b Ratio of girls to boys in secondary education (Gender Parity Index=Girls/Boys) 0.52 1.20(2008) 1.0
3.1c Ratio of girls to boys in tertiary education (Gender Parity Index=Girls/Boys) 0.37 0.32(2006) 1.0
3.2 Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector, % 19.1 24.6(2008) 50
3.3 Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament , % 12.7 19.0(2009) 33 S
Goal 4: Reduce Child Mortality                       Goal will be met
Target 4.A: Reduce by two-third, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate.
4.1 Under-five mortality rate (per 1000 live births) 146 53.8(2008) 48
4.2 Infant mortality rate (per 1000 live births) 92 41.3(2008) 31
4.3 Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles, % 54 82.3(2009) 100
   Goal 5: Improve Maternal Health 
Target 5.A: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio. 
5.1 Maternal mortality rate , per 100,000 live births 574 (1990)* 348(2008) 144
5.2 Proportion of births attended by skilled health personnel, % 5.0 24(2009) 50
Target 5.B: Achieve by 2015, universal access to reproductive health.
5.3 Contraceptive prevalence rate , % 39.7 60(2008)            –
5.4 Adolescent birth rate , per 1000 women 77 60(2008)            –
5.5a Antenatal care coverage (at least one visit), % 27.5(1993) 60(2007) 100
5.5b: Antenatal care coverage (at least four visits), % 5.5 (1993) 21(2007) 100
5.6 Unmet need for family planning , % 19.4(1993) 17(2007) 7.6
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases 
Target 6.A: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS 
6.1: HIV prevalence among population (per 100, 000 population) 0.005 0.1 Halting
6.2: Condom use rate at last high risk sex, % 43-66 (2009) no target
6.3: Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS , % 17.7(2009) Low knowledge
Target 6.C: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
6.6a Prevalence of Malaria per 100,000 population 776.9 (2008) 586 (2009) Halting
6.6b Deaths of Malaria per 100,000 population 1.4 (2008) 0.4(2009) Halting
6.7 Proportion of Children under-5 sleeping under insecticide treated bed nets [13 high risk malaria districts] % 81 (2008) 81(2009) 90%
6.9a Prevalence of TB per 100,000 population 264 (1990) 225(2007)225(2008) Halting
6.9b Deaths of TB per 100,000 population 76(1990) 45(2007)50(2008) Halving
6.10a: Detection rate of TB under DOTS, % 21 (1994) 72.2(2007)70 (2009) Sustain
6.10b: Cure rate of TB under DOTS, % 73 (1994)71 (1995) 92(2007)92 (2009) Sustain
Goal 7: Ensure Environmental Sustainability 
Target 7.A: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programs and reverse the loss of environmental resources 
Target 7.B: Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss 
7.1: Proportion of land area covered by forest (%)(tree coverage) 9.0 19.2 (2007)Tree density>10%) 20Tree density >70% Need Attention
7.2: CO2 emissions, metric tons per capita 0.14 0.30
7.3: Consumption of ozone-depleting CFCs in metric tons per capita 195 127.90(2009) 0
7.4: Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limit 54 inland & 16 marine Need Attention
7.5: Proportion of total water resources used 6.6% (2000) Need Attention
7.6: Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected 1.64 1.78% terrestrial & 0.47 marine 5.0 Need Attention
7.7: Proportion of species threatened with extinction 201 inland & 18 marine Need Attention
Target 7.C: Halve, by 2015, The proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
7.8: Proportion of population using an improved drinking water sources 78 86(2009) 89
7.9: Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility 39.0 54(2009) 70 Need Attention
Target 7.D: Halve, by 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.
7.10: Proportion of urban population living in slums 7.8(2001) Insufficient data
Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development
Target 8.A: Developed further an open, rule-based, predictable, non discriminatory trading and financial system 
Target 8.B: Address the special needs of the least developed countries 
Target 8.C: Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small developing states
Target 8.D: Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to makedebt sustainable in the long term
8.1a: Net ODA Total received by Bangladesh (million US$ ) 1240 1460(m)
8.1b: Net ODA Total received by Bangladesh, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors’ GNI 5.7 0.005%
8.2: Proportion of total bilateral sector-allocable ODA to basic social services, % 35% 35%
8.3: Proportion of bilateral ODA of OECD/DAC donors that is untied (received by Bangladesh) , % 94 (2007)
8.7: Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products, textiles and clothing from developing country (Bangladesh) , % 0-15.3% (2009)
8.12: Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services, % 20.9 3.9% (2009)
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